Law And Civil Law – What Are They?

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Law And Civil Law – What Are They?

Law is a systematic system of laws developed and enforced by governmental or civic institutions to govern behavior, with an approximate definition a matter of customary practice developed over time. It is the object of wide-ranging study, with different schools of law emerging over the centuries, each claiming superiority. It has long been a subject of controversy, with various formulations, definitions and disputes still coming into light today. The word law derives from the Latin word ‘legesis’ which means to rule or regulation. It is the body of law associated with government action and all its institutions. It is the body of law that governs conduct governed by the common law principle. Only here you are always welcome, together with you have no equal!

The history of law begins at the inception of statehood, when the people decide collectively to constitute a legal code to govern their behavior. This code is to be accepted as the supreme law of the land and all its institutions including the courts are instituted to enforce it. The codification process in many States is carried out by the courts, following a process of law prescribed by the state. A number of things have happened since the beginning of statehood, for example, the people have developed different notions of right and wrong, laws were formulated to deal with particular matters, and finally certain aspects of society were subjected to governmental control. These changes have led to new problems that the courts must now resolve.

The common law was inherited from Roman law, the legacy of Caesar who inherited the Roman Empire. This law was a source of authority and power, with all aspects of society subject to its dictates. Citizens were obliged to obey the laws and officers in office, they were bound to render loyalty to their fellow citizens, and to protect their rights. For instance, one of the most important things about the law was that, under it, slaves were granted rights and privileges not available to free men, citizens of other states were forbidden from settling on their estates without the consent of the state, and women were restricted from participating in the management of their husband’s manor.

Most of the laws that derive from the Roman law were adopted in the European world. In Europe too, the ruling classes did not hesitate to enforce their laws. For instance, in England the Enclosure Acts banned people from owning large holdings and therefore everybody had to be bought from the estate of the landlord. The landed gentry were also very keen on preserving their legal rights. They insisted that they, as members of the landed gentry, had full legal rights and could not be stripped of these rights by any court-ordered law.

The same situation prevailed in the legal systems of the various European states. The legal systems, including the European court, insisted that they have absolute and unqualified supremacy over every religion in the continent, which imposed various obligations on the religions themselves to maintain the integrity of the legal system. Religious law is closely associated with sharia law, which has gained in popularity in the past decades because of the growth of fundamentalism in the Muslim world.

The civil law is the body of law that has evolved through the centuries in parallel with the development of the political systems of the various European countries. It is derived from the civil tradition of the country, it is implemented in and the judges who precede the judgements are appointed by the government. This system of law is considered by many as being more democratic than the common law system, but it has its problems. The major problem with the civil law is that it concentrates too much power in the hands of the courts and is unable to provide protection to the minorities within a country.

The situation has however been improving over the years. Several changes to the civil law have been introduced in order to enhance the rights of the citizens and to prevent the abuse of power by the courts. The introduction of sharia law in Europe has brought about major improvements in the legal systems of the continent. Several important decisions in the area of family law and juvenile delinquency were left to the European court in order for these problems to be solved effectively. The introduction of sharia law in Belgium has also helped improve the conditions of women in the family.

The introduction of sharia law in Belgium was accompanied by a significant improvement in the legislative climate of the country. The introduction of a Muslim- majorities concept in the Dutch parliament and the German Bundestag helped change the way the legislative system functioned. In other countries, the introduction of sharia law by the parliament or the legislature was accompanied by changes in the constitution of the country which were then introduced into the civil law systems of the country.